Dover's Castle & White Cliffs
Dover Castle is a medieval castle in Dover, Kent, England. It was founded in the 11th century and has been described as the "Key to England" due to its defensive significance throughout history. It is the largest castle of England.
This site may have been fortified with earthworks in the Iron Age or earlier, before the Romans invaded in AD43. This is suggested on the basis of the unusual pattern of the earthworks which does not seem to be a perfect fit for the medieval castle. Excavations have provided evidence of Iron Age occupation within the locality of the castle.
The site also contains one of Dover's two Roman lighthouses (or pharoses), one of only three surviving Roman-era lighthouses in the world, and the most complete standing Roman structure in England.
The castle lighthouse survived after being converted into a belfry in the Saxon era (1000), having a new upper layer added (1430), and was partially renovated in 1913-1915. The remains of the other are located on the opposing Western Heights, across the town of Dover.
After the Battle of Hastings in October 1066, William the Conqueror and his forces marched to Westminster Abbey for his coronation. They took a roundabout route via Romney, Dover, Canterbury, Surrey and Berkshire. From the Cinque Ports foundation in 1050, Dover has always been a chief member—it may also have been this that first attracted William's attention, and got Kent the motto of Invicta.
During the Napoleonic era, Dover became a troop refuge. In this way, barracks, warehouses for troops and tunnels were built, 15 meters below the cliffs, to be prepared for a possible attack by the French army. By the time the Napoleonic Wars arrived, the tunnels housed more than 2,000 men and to date are the only underground barracks built in Britain.
The most iconic of all English fortresses commanding the gateway to the realm for nine centuries. Climb the Great Tower, meet the characters and immerse yourself in vivid medieval interiors. Then delve deep within Dover’s White Cliffs to witness the drama in the Secret Wartime Tunnels. Roam through centuries of history at Dover Castle, from the Romans to the Cold War.
Furthermore, you can visit the Underground hospital, the Operation Dynamo, WW1 Fire Command Post, Medieval Tunnels, the Bunker, and taste delicious food & drinks.
The White Cliffs of Dover, part of the North Downs formation, is the name given to the region of English coastline facing the Strait of Dover and France. The cliff face, which reaches a height of 350 feet (110 m), owes its striking appearance to its composition of chalk accented by streaks of black flint. The cliffs, on both sides of the town of Dover in Kent, stretch for eight miles (13 km). A section of coastline encompassing the cliffs was purchased by the National Trust in 2016.
The cliffs are part of the Dover to Kingsdown Cliffs Site of Special Scientific Interest and Special Area of Conservation.
In some areas, layers of a soft, grey chalk known as a hardground complex can be seen. Hardgrounds are thought to reflect disruptions in the steady accumulation of sediment when sedimentation ceased and/or the loose surface sediments were stripped away by currents or slumping, exposing the older hardened chalk sediment.
During the Second World War, the cliffs had a leading role. The cliffs have great symbolic value in Britain because they face towards continental Europe across the narrowest part of the English Channel, where invasions have historically threatened and against which the cliffs form a symbolic guard. The National Trust calls the cliffs "an icon of Britain", with "the white chalk face a symbol of home and war time defence."
During the Second World War, thousands of allied troops on the little ships in the Dunkirk evacuation saw the welcoming sight of the cliffs. In the summer of 1940, reporters gathered at Shakespeare Cliff to watch aerial dogfights between German and British aircraft during the Battle of Britain.
*Location: 110 Km east from London.
*Schedule: High Season 10:00-18:00 (Castle) & 13:00-17:00 (Bunker).
Low Season 10:00-16:00 (Castle) & 11:00-17:00 (Bunker).
To plan your trip, enter to this link.
*Rates: (All prices are in pound sterling).
Tickets to Dover's Castle for Adults...$20,90.
Tickets to Dover's Castle for Childs (5-17 years old)...$12,50.
*Duration: One day.
*Best time: July-September.
*Website: Dover's Castle.