France

Louvre Museum of Paris

2019-03-30

The most famous museum in the world, it is located in the old Louvre Palace, which functioned as a fortress in the 12th century. It was built by King Philip Augustus, in order to defend the banks of the river Seine against the invaders of the north. In the fourteenth century it was enlarged, then ruined by the War of 100 years and demolished in the 1500, to be able to make a new structure, but this time, with a Renaissance style. King Francis I, employed the architect Pierre Lescot and the sculptor Jean Goujon, to transform and create a new Louvre. One of the first acquisitions of the museum was the Mona Lisa (Gioconda) by Leonardo Da Vinci.



After the death of Francis I in 1547, the construction was stopped until Catherine de Medici, followed the project in 1564, and its first action was the construction of the Tuileries Palace, and thus, closing the western side courtyard of the Louvre. After Catalina, other kings followed it for more than 200 years, until Napoleon III finished the museum.



The Museum is composed of three wings, and in the courtyard of the center is a giant glass pyramid, which is the access to the museum, and other small pyramids that surround it. The pyramid was designed by Ieoh Ming Pei, and inaugurated in 1989. It has a height of 20 meters and a total of 637 glass panels. Its center of gravity coincides with the three pavilions of the museum, Richelieu to the north, Denon to the south, and Sully to the east. This being the main and largest of the glass pyramids of the museum, which includes, at the underground level, another pyramid but inverted. Prior to the construction of the museum, there were long queues for admission, and due to the pyramid, this problem was solved and in addition, the space for the Louvre exhibitions was increased.



This museum is a clear example of the leading role as the economic and cultural power of Europe. Thanks to the Borbon dynasty, Napoleon Bonaparte and archaeological expeditions, the museum has 445,000 pieces of art, of which only 35,000 are exposed to the public.



The Louvre Museum has a seat on the border with Belgium, in the city of Lens. Here 600 pieces are exhibited, with the aim of reactivating the depressed economy of this city. On the other hand, the Louvre Museum in Abu Dhabi is also located, since the purchase of the name, to be used in this emirate.



In the Louvre Museum in Paris, paintings such as the aforementioned Gioconda by Leonardo Da Vinci stand out. However, it is not the only work of art, also other sculptures and works of art that can not be missed from the museum are: Venus de Milo, by Alexandros of Antioch; Winged Victory of Samothrace; the Virgin of the Rocks; Saint John Baptist, by Leonardo Da Vinci; Death of the Virgin, by Caravaggio; and Liberty Guiding the People, by Delacroix.









In the museum, there are benches in front of the works so that people stop to reflect on the paintings they are observing. Several groups of students and people, took their sketchbooks and were inspired to make a new work or simply, copy what they were seeing, putting it on paper.



In a sector of the museum, people start to be grouped together and people can not understand why. One tries to approach the wall where everyone looks, and it is there, precisely in that place, where the Gioconda by Leonardo Da Vinci is located. One when you visit this museum, pretend to see and contemplate this amazing work of art, full of mysteries, however, the size of the painting is relatively small, and due to the large mass of people, you will not be able to take a comfortable picture of yourself. this painting.






In the rest of the museum, there are usually fewer people, so you can see more works with total freedom. The museum has different collections of works: ancient, Islamic arts, sculptures, furniture, archeology, graphic arts, objects of art, decorative arts, paintings and jewelry. In turn, the collections are divided into rooms, which represent the different epochs of history: Renaissance, Neoclassicism, Impressionism, Mannerism, Romanticism, Symbolism, Baroque and Realism.






In 2005, it was incorporated into the most famous museum in the world, the "Jardin des Tuileries". This garden, belonged to the Palace of the Tuileries, which today no longer exists, and in turn, is under the protection of UNESCO as a World Heritage, because it is located in the Bank of the Seine in Paris. It stands out for being a large park, ideal for long walks and keep reflecting on art. The multiple sculptures make visitors stop to observe them carefully.



TIPS

*Location: In Paris.
*Schedule: 9:00-18:00 (Monday, Thursday, Saturday and Sunday) & 9:00-21:45 (Wednesday and Friday).
Holidays closed at 6:00 p.m. and does not open on Tuesdays. January 1, May 1 and December 25, also remains closed.
*Rates: (all prices are in euros).
Entry for adults...$15.
Entry for people under 18 years old...free.
Entry for EU citizen (18-25 years old)...free.
Audioguide...$5.
Free entry the first Sunday of each month between October-March and Friday's from 18:00 if you are under 26, you also get free.
*Duration: 3 hours.
*Advice: If you buy your Paris Pass or Paris Museum Pass, the entrance is free.In addition, you can hire a guided tours service in the museum, but this price is very high (around $ 55 Euros). Go see the Gioconda, early in the morning and then, observe the other paintings.
*Best time: Spring and Autumn, on Wednesday or Friday, cause you will have more time to watch inside the Louvre.
*Website: Louvre Museum

 

 

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