It is one of the jewels of precolonial history and one of the most important tourist centers in South America. Year after year, it tries to promote itself as a natural, historical and responsible tourism destination, strictly controlling the maintenance of this site so that it lasts over time.
It is estimated that its construction dates back to the 15th century and belongs to the Inca civilization. Located on the Anidna mountain range at 2,430 meters above sea level. Considered a masterpiece of architecture and engineering, composed of 140 structures throughout the citadel. It has peculiar characteristics around the architecture and its amazing landscapes. Reasons why this site has become a World Heritage Site and be included in the list of the new 7 Wonders of the Modern World.
There is solid evidence that the builders took into account astronomical and religious criteria, as well as their strategic location and the excellent use of the natural resources available to them. Upon the arrival of the Spaniards, these lands were completely abandoned. The Incas had taken with them all their valuables and in turn, cut the Inca roads that united this citadel.
The park has three different types of tickets called: Llaqta of Machupicchu, waynapicchu and Machupicchu's Mountain. Each ticket has different circuits inside.
- LLAQTA OF MACHUPICCHU: The circuit N°1 is the most complete and ascends to the House of the Guardian from where the classic view of the llaqta is obtained, the circuit N°2 enters through the middle part of the llaqta and the circuit N°3, is the most short and enter the llaqta by the bottom of the monument. The three circuits begin in the entrance control and converge in the Square of the Temples. There are two shifts to enter Llaqta from 6:00 to 12:00 and from 12:00 to 16:30, both shifts with a maximum of four hours of stay and re-entry is prohibited.
- WAYNAPICCHU: There are two entry turns that take you to the homonymous mountain and that has a limit of 200 visitors per shift. The first one is from 7:00-8:00 and the second from 10:00-11:00. From the control of entrance, the circuit N°3 is taken which leads directly to the entrance control of the Waynapicchu mountain. During the tour, the ground will ascend permanently to reach 2,681 meters above sea level and from the top, appreciate the sacred mountains of the Incas and an incredible view of Llaqta of Machupicchu. The maximum time of permanence is six hours and the entry and exit must be recorded in the logbook.
- MACHUPICCHU'S MOUNTAIN: It consists of two shifts with a limit of up to 400 visitors per shift. The first from 7:00-8:00 and the second from 9:00-10:00. Taking the circuit N°1 from the entrance control, until reaching the mountain entrance control. The route ascends progressively until reaching the 3,061 meters high at its top. From here you get an amazing view of the Machu Picchu valley and the Vilcanota River that surrounds it. The duration of this tour if you have good physical condition is four hours, otherwise, the average of visitors is six hours.
+ If you look at it from the side, the mountains form the face of a man, specifically that of an Indian.
+ In the year 1981, it was declared "Historical Sanctuary of Peru".
+ It is believed that the location of the citadel has a strategic reason (for being in the Andes and in the Amazon Basin and for building it in height to defend itself from other warriors), as well as religious, because the hills are Gods, and this citadel It is surrounded by three of them. In addition to that the Inca civilization possessed the sufficient knowledge to be able to determine if a site was apt to establish a town.
*Location: 80 Km northwest from Cusco and 500 Km east from Lima.
*Schedule: It consists of three shifts: 6:00-9:00, 9:00-12:00, 12:00-16:00.
*Rates: (all prices are in peruvian suns).
Foreign adults: Machupicchu...$152; Machupicchu with Waynapicchu...$200; Machupicchu with Mountain Machupicchu...$200.
Foreign students: Machupicchu...$77; Machupicchu with Waynapicchu...$125; Machupicchu with Mountain Machupicchu...$125.
Foreign school children: Machupicchu...$70; Machupicchu with Waynapicchu...$118; Machupicchu with Mountain Machupicchu...$118.
Peruvian adults: Machupicchu...$64; Machupicchu with Waynapicchu...$112; Machupicchu with Mountain Machupicchu...$112.
Peruvian students: Machupicchu...$32; Machupicchu with Waynapicchu...$80; Machupicchu with Mountain Machupicchu...$80.
Peruvian schoool children: Machupicchu...$32; Machupicchu with Waynapicchu...$80; Machupicchu with Mountain Machupicchu...$80.
*Duration: 5 days.
*Requirements: You have to show the ticket and identity document.
*Advice: To get used to the Andean altitude and the climate of Machu Picchu, we recommend that you stay a couple of days in height and acclimatize with the surroundings. Then, the duration to visit Machu Picchu, 3 days are required. Bring water and a snack, although there is a restaurant inside the complex, for some tourists it is expensive. The best way to approach the circuits and the complex is with a guide, so that we can understand the meaning of each stone.
*Best time: June-September.
*Website: Machu Picchu