The Nazca lines and geoglyphs of Pampas de Jumana or simply Nazca lines are ancient geoglyphs found in the Pampas of Jumana, in the Nazca desert, between the towns of Nazca and Palpa, in the department of Ica (Peru).
They were traced by the Nazca culture and are composed of several hundred figures that range from simple designs such as lines to complex zoomorphic, phytomorphic and geometric figures that appear drawn on the earth's surface. Since 1994, the Unesco Committee has inscribed the Nazca and Pampas de Jumana lines and geoglyphs as a World Heritage Site, however, in recent years they have suffered serious damage from the construction of the Pan-American Highway and the roads of SUVs.
The culture is born, with similar coordinates of development that the one of Paracas that had flourished between the years 700 a. C. and 200 d. C., covers a time frame between 100 d. C. and 600 d. C.
Technically the Nazca lines have a small deviation. Probably, the Nazcas used ropes so as not to deviate in the line of about 1,000 straight lines (some several kilometers long) and drew the nearly 800 animal figures by transferring scale models to large grids made with stakes and ropes. . Then, the exceptional climate of the region (where it hardly rains) rewarded the ingenuity of those humans preserving their work.
*Location: 365 Km south from Lima.
*Duration: One day.
*Best time: October-December & Febraury-May