United Kingdom

Stonehenge

2019-02-18

Stonehenge, has been built between the late Neolithic and early Bronze Age, located in the county of Wiltshire, United Kingdom. There is not yet precise information on how they were built, it is believed that wooden sleds and structure were used as rails, unlike how most of them believed that rollers and ropes were used, but this is only an assumption. Today, it is the best-known monument in all of Europe and a relic of the Stone Age.

What is known is that one of the reasons for its construction is due to astronomy, since the stones are aligned to mark the sunrise and sunset at the summer and winter solstices. This is because farmers had to know when the seasons changed to know what type of food to grow.



Another theory also accepted, is that its construction served as a ceremonial religious center of the time. This is supported by the "long barrows" of collective burials, where at that time an embankment and a circular moat of 110 meters in diameter had also been built.

At the time, it was made up of about 162 elements of petrography. What we see today, is the one of the last modification of the site made in 1964, and of the 25 elements that remain today, only 9 remained unchanged. The others were moved, repaired and lifted, at least once.



Today you can visit and explore the ancient landscape on foot and enter the Neolithic houses to discover the tools and objects of daily life of the Neolithic. There are certain regulations to preserve this site that are mentioned in the TIPS section at the end of this publication.



Avebury, is located a few kilometers south of Stonhenge and has a diameter of 335 meters, becoming the largest of the prehistoric monuments found. Originally it was composed of 98 stones, some of them weighing more than 40 tons. The height of the stones ranges from 3.6 to 4.2 meters. Within the large circle, there are two smaller ones: one with a diameter of 98 meters and another with a diameter of 108 meters, of which very few traces remain.



Unlike Stonehenge, it is much less popular, which makes it a place with fewer visitors and also its entry is free. The objective of the visit is to go around the path of the circles and imagine how those stones were, in the Neolithic.

Stonhenge in conjunction with Avebury and related sites, are within the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Avebury, like Stonhenge are a set of stones, located in a circular way and both date from the Neolithic era, although Avebury is even older, according to the study of Carbon 14.



This site attracts tourists giving them a unique and unparalleled experience. Where you can feel in the flesh, the ancestors who lived in these lands and performed ceremonies in these places. It is a place full of energy, and you have to be there to feel it that way. Also, in the vicinity, there are museums, churches and small towns that welcome the visitor, as an alternative to the big cities and to change the green and rocky landscape that this World Heritage Site leaves us.



MISTERIES

+None knows how that huge pieces of stone, ended up at that site thousands of years ago. That that constant doubt is what generates curiosity and gives mysticity to this place.

+In Stonehenge and Avebury there is a lot of energy, however, the latter is reputed to be a bit terrifying, due to the deaths in strange circumstances that happened there. In addition, in the thirteenth century, Christianity associated this place with the devil, due to the disasters that occurred during the Black Death. During the Middle Ages, it was considered pagan and related to the dark world.


TIPS

*Location: Stonehenge is 123 Km west from London and Avebury is 120 Km west from London. Between Avebury and Stonehenge there are 38 Km.
*Schedule: 9:00-20:00 on summer (June-August); 9:30-17:00 rest of the year. (last entrance, 2 hours before closing).
*Rates: (all prices are in pound sterling).
Ticket for Stonehenge adults...$16,50.
Ticket for Stonehenge young (5 to 15 years old)...$9,90.
Entrance to Avebury...free.
*Duration: 3 hours in Stonehenge and 3 more hours in Avebury.
*Warning: Stonehenge has very strict rules; you can not approach the stones, you can not touch them, you have to go in special minibuses, you have to reserve entrance.
*Advice: we recommend to go early morning or late afternoon to avoid crowds. If you go to Avebury by car, there you will find a parking that costs $4 for the whole day.
*Best time: summer and winter solstices (usually sunrise on Jun 21 and Dec 22), and spring and fall equinoxes (the halfway points between the solstices).

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